Published by the Smithsonian Institution, this comprehensive handbook includes 706 species -- all birds known to breed east of the 100th meridian on the United States and Canada, as well as regular visitors and vagrants to this region.
The Smithsonian Handbook includes details of the bird's life history through precise descriptions, annotated photographs, and artworks to highlight the key field marks of the species in each plumage. Information on the bird's habits describes the typical song and other vocalizations, behavior, breeding, nesting, population, and conservation concerns are also included. Typical flight patterns and nest locations and shapes are described with clear icons, and amplified in the text. Each bird's range during summer, winter, and on migration is clearly shown on a map.